Different Operating System Types?
What is an operating system give an example? Operating systems are software packages which operate on a kernel. An operating system is a collection of building blocks, each having a specific task to perform. For example, a kernel is responsible for managing the communication between the hardware and software on a computer.
How much time does an operating system use? An operating system uses much time when starting up. Some times, it may run a diagnostic check just to make sure that the hardware and software on the computer is working properly. Operating systems also use much time when the computer is idle. If there are no open files in the terminals, or if it has not been rebooted, then the operating system will have to search for them.
What is an operating system’s file system? The file system is also known as the file tree. This structure consists of a central directory, which contains entries for all the files that make up the operating system and its applications; a user directory, which contains files that allow the user to control the computer; a programming directory, which controls how the various applications communicate with each other and with the operating system itself; and finally an allocation unit, which controls the rate at which the data is mapped and is used for debugging purposes. All the files, however, are stored in a pool of memory called the pages. Allocation units must be kept balanced to allow for the normal operation of the different applications.
What is an operating system’s memory management? Every time an application is started, the operating system must set up the processes associated with that application and determine how those processes will use the available memory resources. Whenever any processes need more memory, they will get it from this pool. However, some applications use more memory than others, and these, namely the multi-tasking programs, may hog the available memory resources.
Why is there a difference between the two types of operating systems? The primary difference is that Windows uses a page address to point to the page where the currently active window is located. The other type of operating system divides the available memory into two parts: Windows and the guest operating system. The Windows operating system uses a single page at a time to locate the active window. A Windows operating system can only use a single page at a time, while the Linux operating systems has multiple virtual pages.
What is a device management? A device management is concerned with mapping a physical device, such as a printer to a logical device, such as a digital camera. This involves the identification of the devices such as printers and digital cameras and their relation to the operating system and the rest of a network. The other example of this concern is how to identify which devices are controlled by the operating system and why they are controlled in the way that they are.
What are the other two operating system types? There are four general-purpose operating systems. They are desktop, laptop, service pack, and service specific operating system. These general-purpose operating systems types are specified through the facilities of a kernel, the software that a hardware vendor provides the developer to develop the hardware.
What are the devices that can be used for a particular operating system? The most common hardware that can be used for an operating system is a keyboard, a mouse, a monitor, a printer, a disk drive, a scanner, a video card, and a sound card. However, some other devices may also be used, depending on the nature of the system that the developer has designed. For example, a portable media player and a camera may be running under one operating system, while a gaming console and a keyboard and joystick on the other may be running under different operating systems.