Disk Scheduling Algorithms in OS


Category: C Programming

Disk Scheduling Algorithms in OS

Disk Scheduling Algorithms in OS

Disk Scheduling Algorithms in OS

A computer’s operating system utilizes a disk scheduling algorithm to determine when to execute various I/O operations. Disk scheduling is also known as input/output scheduling or disk scheduling. The algorithm uses a number of variables to determine the optimal order in which I/O operations should occur.

Disk Scheduling algorithm

Disk scheduling is a computer operating system scheduling technique that determines the order in which I/O operations will occur. It is also called disk scheduling or input/output scheduling. As its name suggests, disk scheduling is a key component of any OS. The disk scheduling algorithm is responsible for determining which files to store on disk and which files to write to disk.

Disk scheduling algorithms work like a grocery store manager. They handle incoming and outgoing requests and maintain a record of the goods on hand. They also manage the timetable for the transaction of these goods.

Disk Scheduling algorithm seek time

The seek time is the time taken by a disk arm to locate the requested data. When multiple requests are approaching a disk at the same time, the seek time is multiplied and the wait time is higher. This is an issue that arises due to the fact that the arm needs to traverse the disk arm to the requested location.

There are several disk scheduling algorithms. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. As a result, disk scheduling algorithms evolve over time.

Disk Scheduling algorithm uniform wait time

Disk Scheduling is a process of managing disk requests in the order they arrive. A disk with 200 tracks will have a request sequence of 82,171,43,140,24,16,190. When more than one request is received, the disk arm moves to serve the request that is closest to it. Then, the disk arm moves to the next spot in the request sequence.

One disk scheduling algorithm is called SCAN. This algorithm starts at one end of the disk and moves to the other. When it reaches the other end, the arm reverses direction and returns to the beginning of the disk. The process repeats itself until the disk is empty.

SCAN Disk Scheduling algorithm

The SCAN Disk Scheduling algorithm in an OS works in a number of ways. First, it moves the disk arm in a certain direction. As the arm moves, it services the requests that are in its path. Eventually, the algorithm reverses direction, and the arm moves to the next request. This way, the algorithm can serve more requests that are in the middle of a disk. Those requests that arrive afterward will wait for the SCAN algorithm to service them.

Another variation of the SCAN algorithm is the circular SCAN. This approach deals with the inefficiency of the SCAN algorithm by servicing requests in a more uniform manner. The circular SCAN algorithm involves moving the disk arm from one end of a disk to another, and then returning to the beginning of the disk after the first round. This method is sometimes referred to as the elevator algorithm, as it treats the cylinders as a list.

SCAN Disk Scheduling algorithm uniform wait time

The SCAN Disk Scheduling algorithm is a highly efficient approach to scheduling disk requests that offers a uniform wait time. It operates by moving the head of the disk arm from one end of the disk to the other and then servicing requests along the way. When the head reaches the other end of the disk, it changes positions and starts processing requests again. This approach is also called the elevator algorithm because it treats the disk cylinder like an elevator. The goal of the algorithm is to minimize the number of requests per unit of time.

In a general sense, a disk scheduling algorithm behaves like a store manager: it manages incoming and outgoing requests while keeping track of available goods and the timing of transactions between requests. It also takes into account the type of requests. While some may be low priority, others may have high priority and will wait a long time.

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